Global Molecular Identification from Graphs. Neutral and Ionized Main-Group Diatomic Molecules
Diophantine equations and inequalities are presented for main-group closed-shell diatomic molecules. Specifying various bond types (covalent, dative, ionic, van der Waals) and multiplicities, it becomes possible to identify all possible molecules. While many of the identified species are probably unstable under normal conditions, they are interesting and present a challenge for computational or experimental analysis. Ionized molecules with net charges of -1, 1, and 2 are also identified. The analysis applies to molecules with atoms from periods 2 and 3 but can be generalized by substituting isovalent atoms. When closed-shell neutral diatomics are positioned in the chemical space (with. axes enumerating the numbers of valence electrons of the free atoms), it is seen that they lie on a few parallel isoelectronic series.
James, Bryan; Caviness, Ken; Geach, Jonathan; Walters, Chris; and Hefferlin, Ray, "Global Molecular Identification from Graphs. Neutral and Ionized Main-Group Diatomic Molecules" (2002). Faculty Works. 4.