Bill Hayes - A Sting to Die For : Venom Composition and Venom Expenditure in Scorpions
Venomous animals often possess complex venom delivery systems that are designed to inject their toxic secretion into the tissue of prey and/or predators. Effectiveness of venom deployment depends on two critical factors: composition and quantity of venom delivered. To better understand the venoms of scorpions and how it is used, we conducted a series of behavioral and chemical studies to investigate the venoms of two North American species (the desert hairy and the dune scorpions) and one African species (the South African fattail scorpion). Venom is a complicated secretion and we have observed its' use to be more sophisticated and varied than previously thought.
Biology, Lecture, E.O. Grundset, Venom, Bill Hayes
Southern Adventist University, "Bill Hayes - A Sting to Die For : Venom Composition and Venom Expenditure in Scorpions" (2019). E.O. Grundset Lecture Series. 5.