Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 5-2-2017


This article explores an aspect of Chattanooga's history by tracing Penelope Johnson Allen's involvement in the preservation of Brainerd Mission. Allen was born almost 50 years after the dissolution of the mission; however, she dedicated a significant portion of her life to insuring a physical and documented memory of Brainerd Mission. This mission, dedicated to the assimilation programs of the local Cherokee, is located a few miles outside of downtown Chattanooga and the cemetery remains almost 100 years later. Through extensive secondary source analysis and the use of primary sources, including Allen's books, this article demonstrates Allen's insurmountable contribution to the preservation of Chattanooga's history, as well as providing contextual information regarding the role of Chattanooga in Native American assimilation programs.

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