Journal of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research


Hasel, Michael


Regarding the chronology of the Israelite Exodus from Egypt, two major theories are readily apparent: either the Israelites sojourned in the land of Egypt for a total of 430 years, or else for 215 years in Egypt after sojourning in the land of Canaan for 215 years. This question is examined from a Seventh-day Adventist perspective, with precedence given to Scriptural passages. An overall chronological framework is constructed for context, dealing with selected issues in the study of biblical chronology. The primary arguments for each theory are individually assessed, as are objections to many of the arguments. A small treatise on historical Seventh-day Adventist views on the subject is included, followed by a study of the earliest biblical manuscripts containing a significant variant reading. This research is concluded with a critique of a more recent Adventist work, along with a more anecdotal study on modern genealogies. Ultimately, each of the theories may be shown to be equally valid as far as possibility is concerned, and ought to be considered viable options to explain a major lacuna in a literal interpretation of biblical chronology.