Journal of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research



This literature review summarizes, analyzes, and evaluates a selection of 15 recent research articles regarding the influence racism has on minority students’ mental health and academic performance. All the literature used here was published between the years 2010 and 2021. Of the studies contained in this work, the majority addressed the topic of racism and how it influences student mental health, with an emphasis on minority stress and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or trauma symptoms. Another portion looked at how racism influences academic performance. The literature shows that higher exposure to racism produces negative mental health, which can manifest as minority stress, PTSD and trauma symptoms, or addictive issues. The research also highlights how identifying as Black often makes African Americans feel alienated at predominantly White colleges and universities (PWCUs). Microaggressions aimed at them have a direct influence on dropout rates, school participation, and grades. Coping strategies used by minority groups can have a mixed effect, but being a member of a supportive church is shown to have a positive effect.