The purpose of this study was to measure chronic pain levels as they relate to stress, anxiety, and depression in college students. This is a non-experimental, correlational research design, using a survey methodology. Eighty-four participants, over the age of 18, were recruited (men = 33.3%, women = 66.6%) to participate in this study. The participants were asked to complete a questionnaire which was a compilation of the Chronic Pain Grade Questionnaire (CPGQ) (Von Korff et al., 1992), the Perceived Stress Scale (Wickrama et al., 2013), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) (Beck et al., 1988), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) (Beck et al., 1996), and several demographic questions. The hypotheses for this study predicted that chronic pain would have a significant correlation with stress, anxiety, and depression. The results showed that chronic pain had a significant positive correlation with anxiety and depression, but not stress. Women reported higher chronic pain, stress, and anxiety on average as compared to men. Chronic pain, stress, anxiety, and depression’s dependence on participant age did not show any significance. The results were inconclusive, and more research is needed.
"The Relationship Between Chronic Pain and Stress, Anxiety, and Depression in College Students,"
Journal of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research: Vol. 14, Article 5.
Available at: https://knowledge.e.southern.edu/jiur/vol14/iss1/5