Document Type

Presentation - Poster - Display Only

University students' perceptions of activities of daily living & spirituality



Date of Activity

Summer 7-7-2022


This study originated during the 2017 SDA Nurse Educator conference hosted at Southern Adventist University. The study’s founders wanted to provide students in research classes the opportunity to participate in a mixed-methods study.

Reading the Bible and spending time in nature are two ways to nurture a relationship with God (Thomas, 2020). Personal devotions are another way of connecting and worshiping God (Thomas, 2020). Singing (de Morrée, 2019) and meditation (Matiz et al., 2019). While teens report social media helps build friendships and a more diverse worldview, these platforms can result in drama and social pressures (Anderson & Jiang, 2018). Additionally, social media can negatively impact a person’s mental health, resulting in depression and anxiety (Huang, 2020; Karim et al., 2020; Sherrell, 2021). The purpose of the study was to help university students taking a research course examine their perceptions of activities of daily living and spirituality (SPADLS).

Students in research courses on various campuses completed qualitative and quantitative Google Forms surveys reflecting on their activities of daily living and spirituality. IRB approval was obtained and student responses were anonymous. A portion of the quantitative survey was modified from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (CDC, 2020). To date, 457 have completed the quantitative survey and 411 have completed the qualitative survey. The poster will summarize the current findings of the study.


Anderson, M. & Jiang, J. (2018, November 28). Teen’s social media habits and experiences. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from

Center for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention. (2020, August 20). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) overview. Retrieved from

de Morrée, C. (2019). Singing Together Alone: Dynamics Between Individual and Community in Middle Dutch Religious Song Collections. Journal of Medieval Religious Cultures, 45(2), 85–112.

Huang, C. (2020). A meta-analysis of the problematic social media use and mental health. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 68(1), 12-33.

Karim, F., Oyewande, A. A., Abdalla, L. F., Ehsanullah, R. C., & Khan, S. (2020). Social media use and its connection to metnal health: A systematic review. Cureus, 12(6), e8627.

Matiz, A., Crescentini, C., Bergamasco, M., Budai, R., & Fabbro, F. (2021). Inter-brain co-activations during mindfulness meditation. Implications for devotional and clinical settings. Consciousness and Cognition, 95, 103210–103210.

Sherrell, Z. (2021, September 15). What to know about social media and mental health. Medical News Today. Retrieved from,%2C%20aggression%2C%20and%20antisocial%20behavior.

Thomas, G. (2020). Sacred pathways: Nine ways to connect with God, Zondervan. ProQuest Ebook Central,

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