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Opportunities to support night shift nurses’ wellbeing
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Introduction Sleep deprivation among night shift nurses is associated with increased health risks for nurses and impaired work performance. The purpose of this study was to measure sleep quality, and intention to change sleep behaviors, and identify lifestyle-related behavior impacting sleep, among night shift workers.
Methods This cross-sectional survey was conducted with full-time night shift nurses in the hospital setting between September 2020 and February 2021 and included a demographic instrument, the STOP (Snoring, Tiredness during daytime, Observed apnea, and high blood Pressure) Questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Intention to Change Sleep Behavior (ICSB) Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to understand participant demographics. Spearman’s rho correlation coefficient was used to test the relationship between participant PSQI scores and Intention to Change scores. This was part of a larger project assessing the impact of an intervention to improve sleep.
Results: the participants who completed the survey (N=42) reflected several characteristics of nurses across the United States. Over 20% scored positive in the STOP questionnaire, and the average sleep quality score indicated poor sleep, whereas the ICSB indicated a high desire to implement changes to impact sleep. Only 11% completed the sleep intervention. The demographics of this sample indicated that night nurses did not meet the current guidelines for behaviors, nutrition, and physical activity and expressed a desire to lose weight. There was a positive relationship between PSQI and ICSB scores.
Conclusion: there are opportunities to support sleep health among night shift nurses and other lifestyle behaviors that can translate into better health and patient outcomes.
Durkin, Adelaide and Richards, Andrew, "Opportunities to support night shift nurses’ wellbeing" (2022). Achieve. 2141.