Document Type

Publication - Article


Performance Comparison of Operations in the File System and in Embedded Key-Value Databases



Date of Activity

Summer 6-22-2023


A common scenario when developing local PC applications such as games, mobile apps, or presentation software is storing many small files or records as application data and needing to retrieve and manipulate those records with some unique ID. In this kind of scenario, a developer has the choice of simply saving the records as files with their unique ID as the filename or using an embedded on-disk key-value database. Many file systems have performance issues when handling large number of small files, but developers may want to avoid a dependency on an embedded database if it offers little benefit or has a detrimental effect on performance for their use case. Despite the need for benchmarks to enable informed answers to this design decision, little research has been done in this area. Our contribution is the comparison and analysis of the performance for the insert, update, get, and remove operations and the space efficiency of storing records as files vs. using key-value embedded databases including SQLite3, LevelDB, RocksDB, and Berkeley DB.